Jessika Soors works for the city of Vilvoorde, Belgium, the city with the highest relative number of foreign fighters who left for Syria in Western Europe. As head of the service for deradicalization she coordinates the city's policy on this issue in direct cooperation with Mayor and MP Hans Bonte.
Besides, Jessika is very active on the international level. She co-chairs the working group for local authorities of the European Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN). She is also part of initiatives such as training programs on the reintegration of returning foreign terrorist fighters (training program supported by the US Department of State). She was recently involved in the trainings for Kosovo and Tunisia.
Finally, holding a Master's degree in Arabic and Islamic Studies, Jessika conducts research within the research group History of the fundamentals of Islam (Catholic University Leuven).
Paul Goldenberg (CEO at Cardinal Point Strategies and member of the United States Department of Homeland Security Advisory Council )
Mr. Goldenberg is Chairman and President of Cardinal Point Strategies and a member of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security Advisory Council (HSAC).
In December 2014, DHS Secretary Jeh Johnson appointed Mr. Goldenberg as co-chair of the National DHS Foreign Fighter Task Force. He currently serves as Vice Chair of the US Department of Homeland Security's Faith- Based Council and as senior advisor to the Department.
Sean Griffin (Director - Europe Cardinal Point Strategies, Former Deputy Head Europol Counter Terrorism Unit)
Sean Griffin is the former Deputy Head of the Europol counter terrorism unit, having worked for the organisation between 2003 and 2014. He now works as a consultant, specialising in international law enforcement, counter terrorism and countering violent extremism.
In 2015 he was engaged on the Rutgers University Faith Based Community Security Programme with an emphasis on developing policy and programmatic guidance that local and national law enforcement authorities, faith-based organizations and the broader security community can use to partner more effectively in detecting and addressing threats to their communities; and working directly with communities and law enforcement agencies in the United States and Europe, in the implementation of best practices in this arena. The programme continues.
Upon leaving Europol, Mr Griffin was selected for the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) expert.
Joumana Sylyan-Saba (Los Angeles Mayor's Office of Public Safety)
Director of Strategies Against Violent Extremism (SAVE), Mayor’s Office of Public Safety and Adjunct Assistant Professor of Negotiation, Conflict Resolution & Peacebuilding. Previously served as a Senior Policy Analyst for the City of Los Angeles Human Relations Commission. Experienced in mitigating tensions, managing community-government relations, and advising on relevant policy issues. Over ten years’ experience in facilitation, mediation techniques and inter-group relations both in government and in nonprofit settings. Featured expert speaker in media as well as national and international conferences; including most recently a panel presentation with presidential candidate Hillary Clinton and Mayor Eric Garcetti, as well as a briefing for Vice President Biden. Instruct Master’s candidates in Negotiation, Conflict Resolution & Peacebuilding at CSUDH. Master of Arts (M.A.) in Behavioral Science, Negotiation and Conflict Management at California State University.
Simon Minks (Public Prosecutor, District of The Hague)
National Senior Public Prosecutor of the Netherlands, Simon Minks, specialises in counter terrorism and war crimes. Since 2015, he has (also) resumed position as Liaison Magistrate with the International Criminal Court (ICC), the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY, now MIC: Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals), and the Embassies.
Previous to his position as (senior) public prosecutor, he was a practising lawyer for ten years.
Simon Minks’ list of successful prosecutions ( most of them in the appeal stage) includes five members of the terrorist group Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) for their role in the armed conflict in Sri Lanka (April 2015). In December of that year, nine members of an international terrorist group related to Syria and Iraq, which included recruiters and fighters for IS and Jabhat al-Nusra were also brought to trial. Also in 2016 he prosecuted foreign terrorist fighters and is currently dealing with new cases.
Three years in near succession, he prosecuted ( in appeal) Somali pirates and persons wanting to fight in the Syrian civil war. Trafigura, the world’s third largest private oil and base metals trader involved in several scandals, was successfully prosecuted (in appeal) by Minks in 2011 for exporting illegal toxic chemical waste to Ivory Coast causing death and injury to more than 30,000 inhabitants. Prosecuted in appeal, seven members of a terrorist organisation known as the Hofstad group were convicted by the court of appeal and sentenced to 13 years imprisonment. An extremely sensitive, complicated and highly controversial case worth mentioning, is Minks’ involvement as one of the prosecutors in the decision not to prosecute three former UN Dutchbat commanders for their role in the Srebrenica massacres. According to the Court of Appeal, the prosecutors had made the right decision.
Earlier, in 2004, one of his most noteworthy prosecutions (in appeal) was the arrest of Frans van Anraat, first man convicted in connection with alleged war crimes committed against Kurds in Iraq and Iran. Following an international investigation, Anraat was found guilty of supplying Sadam Hussein with chemicals in the full knowledge that they would be used in the manufacture of chemical weapons. Alleged in the Halabja massacre is that chemicals killed an estimated 5,000 civilians in a single day.
In 2013 and 2014 he attended as expert speaker an UN expert meeting in Geneva, which dealt with the prosecution of companies accused of human rights violations. Minks gives training sessions/ presentations for prosecutors, judges and police officials about prosecuting warcrimes and terrorism both national and international. Equipped with significant expertise in legal forensic matters, Minks attended as participant and trainer at a mock trial for nuclear global experts, organised by the Dutch Forensic Institute. Currently, he is a member of the Master of Forensic Science Advisory Board of the University of Amsterdam.
Simon Minks has received much national and international public exposure leading to guest appearances in the media, and as guest lecturer at various universities, recently at “de Vrije Universiteit”, Amsterdam.
In 2013 Simon Minks was the recipient of an honorary gift given by the organisation Victims of Halabja, Iraq for his work in the Anraat case.
In 2014 an honorary gift was given for his efforts in establishing justice for the Yezidis, Christians, and other minorities in Northern Iraq.
Ferry van Veghel (National Prosecution)
the National Coordinating Terrorism Prosecutor Van Veghel deals with the more severe criminal investigations concerning terrorism besides which he is tasked with the coordination of all other investigations that are being carried out nationally. At the same time Van Veghel is closely involved in making national policy in the field of Counter Terrorism.
Rebecca Skellet (Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD), the Strong Cities Network (SCN).)
Rebecca Skellett is a Senior Programme Manager at the Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD) managing the Strong Cities Network (SCN). The SCN is the first ever global network formed of 64 cities from across 35 countries including mayors, municipal-level policy makers and practitioners united in building social cohesion and community resilience to counter violent extremism in all its forms. Previously, Rebecca worked on the front-line of the UK’s countering violent extremism (CVE) efforts across several London boroughs. She has extensive experience in developing local CVE programming and policy frameworks.
Bart van der Putten (The Netherlands Police)
Bart van der Putten started his career with the police in 1988 as an officer for team Jan Hendrikstraat situated in the centre of The Hague. Since 1988 he has worked in the centre of The Hague in several operational functions within investigation with at its base community policing. In 2015 he has been appointed as team chief for the team Hoefkade, which is situated in the multicultural neighbourhood ‘de schilderswijk’ in The Hague. In addition Bart is chairman for the management group tasked with CTER (Counter-Terrorism Extremism and Radicalisation) cases in District A of The Hague.
Annemieke Brons (Police The Hague)
Working as a community police officer in The Hague (‘Team Hoefkade’), I came into contact with desperate families whose sons had travelled to the battlefield in Syria. This situation and these missing persons led to an extensive investigation called ‘Context’. As a community police officer I took part in this particular investigation involving a multidisciplinary approach. As a result of the investigation ‘Context’, a terrorist organisation from The Hague could be arrested. Furthermore, many young people, possibly radicalised or with radicalised ideas became visible. As a consequence, these youngsters could be properly guided to prevent them from continuing to radicalise.
Anne Speckhard (Director at International Center for the Study of Violent Extremism)
Dr. Anne Speckhard - is currently serving as an Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychiatry in the School of Medicine at Georgetown University, and is the Director of the International Center for the Study of Violent Extremism (ICSVE). Dr. Speckhard has over the past fifteen years interviewed nearly 500 terrorists, extremists, their family members, close associates and even hostages studying their trajectories into and out of terrorism and motivations for being involved. Dr. Speckhard has been working in the field of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) since the 1980’s. She was the chair of the NATO Human Factors & Medicine Research and Technology Experts Group (HFM-140/RTG) on the Psychosocial, Cultural and Organizational Aspects of Terrorism, served as the co-chair of the NATO-Russia Human Factors & Medicine Research Task Group on Social Sciences Support to Military Personnel Engaged in Counter-Insurgency and Counter-Terrorism Operations and served on the NATO Human Factors & Medicine Research Task Group Moral Dilemmas and Military Mental Health Outcomes. She is a member of the United Nations Roster of Experts for the Terrorism Prevention Branch Office on Drugs and Crime and was previously awarded a Public Health Service Fellowship in the United States Department of Health & Human Services where she served as a Research Fellow. Dr. Speckhard has consulted to NATO, OSCE, foreign governments and the U.S. Departments of State, Defense, Justice, Homeland Security, Health & Human Services, CIA and FBI. She is the author of seven books.
Dirk Lont (Child Protection Board, Ministry of Security and Justice, The Netherlands)
Policy advisor at the Child Care and Protection Board. The Board investigates families with parenting problems and may request the court to impose a child protection order. The Child Care and Protection Board fights for the rights of children whose development and upbringing is jeopardised. We consider radicalisation and returning from the so called Caliphate as such a risk. Dirk Lont is functioning as a nodal point between the workers, so the knowledge and experience of the front-line workers grows.
Robert Orell (Director Exit Sweden, Fryshuset)
Robert Örell works as director at Exit Sweden headed by the NGO Fryshuset. He has over thirteen years of experience on work with disengagement from political extremism and criminal gangs. He has experiences from social work with supporting victims of crime, parental support, networking and management.
Robert is involved in national and international networks focused on sharing knowledge and best practices in the field of radicalisation, disengagement, and intervention. He has arranged several international conferences and workshops. He is adviser on the work of setting up Exit organisations in several countries, as well as participated in- and worked with several EU projects.
Since 2012 Robert is a member of the steering committee of the European Commission’s RAN (Radicalization Awareness Network) where he co-chairs the working group RAN Exit. Since 2016 Robert is also part of the expert pool at the RAN Center of Excellence.
At the moment Robert works together with the Swedish National Coordinators office to set up a national RAN network for practitioners.
During 2014 he supervised the work at the family support hotline project Sy.Realize concerning Foreign Fighters.
Robert has studied social pedagogy, has completed a basic psychotherapy training and has taken a certificate in Terrorism Studies at the University of St. Andrews.
In April 2016 Robert made a TEDx talk at the event in Vilnius on the topic: A way out from violent extremism: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNIgKsb1QbA
Beatrice de Graaf
Beatrice de Graaf (1976) is professor for the History of International Relations & Global Governance at Utrecht University. She studied Modern History and German language and culture at Utrecht and Bonn (1998, cum laude) and received her PhD from Utrecht University in 2004 (bestowed with the Max van der Stoel Human rights award). De Graaf was co-founder of the Centre for Terrorism and Counterterrorism at Leiden University, Campus The Hague in 2007, where she was appointed professor of Conflict and Security History in 2011. With an NWO VIDI/ASPASIA grant on 'The Making of a National Security State' and as fellow at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study (NIAS, on the topic of 'Terrorists on Trial') De Graaf contributed to the emerging research field of security history. Her book Evaluating Counterterrorism Performance (2011) was internationally ranked amongst the top 150 terrorism books. Her current research revolves around the project ‘Securing Europe, fighting its enemies, 1815-1914’ (awarded with an ERC consolidator grant in 2013).
De Graaf participates in international and national (scholarly) debates on terrorism and security, and frequently comments on matters of terrorism and security in the printed and broadcasted media. She is a member of numerous committees advising politicians and policy makers on matters of national and international security. De Graaf is a member of the European Council on Foreign Relations, science columnist of NRC Handelsblad. Together with Alexander Rinnooy Kan, de Graaf was appointed as chair of the Dutch National Science Agenda in 2015. In 2016, de Graaf was visiting fellow at St Catharine’s college, Cambrige University.
Main Research Projects:
• Securing Europe, fighting its enemies, 1815-1914. (EU Consolidator Grant, 2014-2019)
• After their release. Reintegrating Jihadist Detainees (Politie en Wetenschap, 2014-2015)
• Blueprints of Hope, designing post-war Europe 1930-1963 (NWO free competition, 2016-2021)
• Enemies of the State. The Making of a National Security State, 1945-2000 (NWO VIDI, 2009-2014)
• Terrorists on Trial (NIAS theme group, 2010-2011)
Weggemans, D.J. & de Graaf, B.A. Reintegrating Jihadist Detainees: Helping former terrorists back into society. Oxon/New York: Routledge (forthcoming).
de Graaf, B.A., The Balancers. How Europe Waged Peace after 1815. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (in progress).
de Graaf, B.A. & Schmid, A.P. (2016). Terrorists on Trial. A Performative Perspective. Leiden University Press / University of Chicago Press.
de Graaf, B.A. (2015). Counter-terrorism and conspiracy. Historicizing the struggle against terrorism. In Randall Law (Eds.), The Routledge History of Terrorism (pp. 411-427). New York: Routledge.
de Graaf, B.A., Dimitriu, G. & Ringsmose, J. (2015). Strategic Narratives, Public Opinion and War : Winning domestic support for the Afghan War. Oxon/New York: Routledge.
de Graaf, B.A. (2014). The Van Gogh Murder and Beyond. In Bruce Hoffman & Fernando Reinares (Eds.), The evolution of the global terrorist threat : from 9/11 to Osama bin Laden's death(pp. 144-187) (43 p.). New York: Columbia University Press.
de Graaf, B.A. (2014). Second-tier Diplomacy. Hans von Gagern and William I in their Quest for an Alternative European Order, 1813-1818. Journal of Modern European History, 12 (4), (pp. 546-566) (20 p.).
de Graaf, B.A. (2012). Gevaarlijke vrouwen. Tien militante vrouwen in het vizier. Amsterdam: Boom.
de Graaf, B.A. (2011; 2014). Evaluating Counterterrorism Performance. A Comparative Approach.Oxon/New York: Routledge.
de Graaf, B.A. (2010). Theater van de angst. De strijd tegen terrorisme in Nederland, Duitsland, Italië en Amerika. (394 p.). Amsterdam: Boom.
Micha de Winter (University of Utrecht)
Micha de Winter (1951) is faculty-professor of social education and youth policy at the faculty of social and behavioural sciences at the Utrecht University, the Netherlands. He was trained as a developmental psychologist, and as a family therapist at the Philadelphia Child Guidance Clinic (USA). His main interests (research and teaching) are social education, the socializing role of civil society, prevention of childhood and youth problems, youth participation, (non)formal education for democratic citizenship and radicalization of youth. He is the author of numerous books and articles on these and other subjects. Among his publications are ‘Children as Fellow Citizens, participation and commitment’ (1997), ‘Someone who treats you as an ordinary human being. Homeless Youth examine the quality of professional care’ (2003), ‘Childrearing, education and youth policy for the common good’ (2007) and ‘Socialization and Civil Society’ (2012). He frequently advises both the Dutch government and international organisations on youth, family and educational policies.
Jonathan Birdwell (Head of Police and Research at Institute for Strategic Dialogue)
Jonathan Birdwell is Head of Policy and Research at the Institute for Strategic Dialogue. Jonathan oversees all of ISD’s research work and strategy, and provides strategic direction and oversight on ISD’s policy maker networks, including The Strong Cities Network and ISD’s Policy Planner’s Network (PPN). Jonathan also manages the Denmark-MENA Strong Cities Exchange Programme, an in-depth two year project working with ten municipalities across Denmark, Jordan and Lebanon to build multi-stakeholder ‘Prevention Networks’ at the municipal-level. Previously, Jonathan was Head of the Citizenship and Political Participation Programme at the London-based think tank Demos, where he worked for seven years. At Demos, Jonathan authored over 40 research and policy reports on topics including the relationship between violence terrorists and non-violent Islamist radicals, ‘far right’ political parties and street-based groups in Europe, and utilising social media to mobilise voter turnout. Jonathan holds a Master’s degree with Distinction from the London School of Economics and a Bachelor’s degree cum laude from Tulane University.
Trudy Mooren (Centrum '45)
Trudy Mooren, PhD, works as a clinical psychologist and senior researcher in Foundation Centrum ’45, national institute for specialised diagnostics and treatment of psycho-traumatic stress in the Netherlands. She coordinates the program for traumatized families. This involves the implementation, training and study of the effects of Mentalization-Based Multifamily Approach. She is a licensed CBT, EMDR and family therapist and board member of the Dutch Association of Psycho-trauma (NtVP) and the European Society of Traumatic Stress Studies (ESTSS). She publishes about her work.
Caroline Logan (University of Manchester)
Caroline Logan is a Consultant Forensic Clinical Psychologist. She works at Greater Manchester Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Manchester. She has a research and practice background in risk assessment, formulation and management on which she has published two books and a number of articles. She works with men and women in the North of England at risk of violence, including violence motivated by extremist ideologies.
Jeroen van Schendel (National Police of the Netherlands)
Jeroen van Schendel (1974) is a LLM-graduate of the Erasmus University of Rotterdam and superintendent with the Central Intelligence Service of the National Police of the Netherlands.
As on of the project leaders, Jeroen is involved in the development and implementation of the risk assessment instrument for Islamic radicalisation IR46, since the start of the project in 2007.
In our ever-changing and accelerating society, working with models has proved to be both necessary and beneficial. The challenge is to detect and map out symptoms of undesirable changes (such as acts of terrorism and violent crime) at an early stage. An increasing number of organizations and government bodies are trying to manage their information flows. They examine a given problem from various angles, drawing on the different expertise that each party can offer. This comparative approach helps to evaluate the significance of the vast quantity of signals, sources and data detected every day.
A large part of policework in the Netherlands is based on community policing. This provides a vast amount of information on situations and persons which needs to be sorted, validated, completed and assessed This model is intended to enable police, intellligence agencies and civilauthorities to recognize Islamist radicalization tendencies and radicalized individuals and groups more swiftly and effectively. At the same time, the model and its ensuing products can help to provide greater insight into the threat posed by an individual or group. Police intervention is frequently reactive and ad hoc, and only addresses a few of the issues. This model puts its users in a better position to interpret the complex interaction between personality, behaviour, and circumstances, since it provides insight into the stage or degree of radicalization reached. Furthermore, the model provides an overview of the information available about an individual, thus not only assessing thea radicalised individual but also the scrutenizing the informationposition of ithe models user.
The IR46-model focusses exclusivley on (homegrown) Islamic radicalization. It is a riskassessment tool and not a simple checklist to decide if a person is radicalized or not. The model is not intended as a substitute for human observation or interpretation. It is important to emphasize that, in addition to the model, human intervention and in-depth analysis will always be necessary to determine further action. The model does not replace professional analysis, but helps in conducting structured professional judgement.
Sefa Bagci (Ministry of Security and Justice, The Netherlands)
A good system of spiritual care is very important in connection with the right to practise freedom of religion and worldview. Moreover, this care is an important aspect of humane detention. In addition, this care has acquired a new dimension in the light of radicalisation tendencies. The recognition and implementation of Islamic spiritual care as part of spiritual care and of the Correctional Institutions Service works to counter the rise of radicalisation. It has an advisory role where it concerns the prevention of this in the context of detention. Because the Islamic community is involved in this project, this community also carries responsibility for combatting radicalisation by, for example, taking theological responsibility for the prison imams who are recommended by the sending organisation.
Drs. Sefa Bagci Assistant Chairman of Islamic Spiritual Care, Spiritual Care Services,
Custodial Institutions Agency , Ministry of Security and Justice and Assistant Professor Theology
VU University Amsterdam